An Anchor Line poster advertising voyages to Gibraltar, Egypt and India, 1922.
In April 1855 N & R Handyside & Co sent their ship Tempest on her maiden voyage to Bombay (now known as Mumbai), encouraged by the belief of one of their employees, Captain Thomas Henderson, that there was huge potential for profit in the development of a shipping service to India. In 1855 Henderson became a partner in the company, and in 1856 the "Anchor Line of Steam Packets" was created. In 1857, the United Kingdom made her maiden voyage to Bombay, chartered by the East India Company to carry troops to suppress the Indian Mutiny.
The company subsequently developed its shipping services in the Baltic, Mediterranean and North Atlantic, but the Far East was not forgotten. In 1870 the Anchor Line introduced a monthly cargo service to India via the Suez Canal and there was a service from Glasgow to Calcutta from 1882 until 1912. The last Anchor Line passenger sailing to Bombay was in 1966.
Reproduced with the permission of Glasgow City Council, Glasgow Museums
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