A Thomas Annan photograph of a portrait of Reverend Edward Irving (1792-1834). The painting was by William Dyce.
In 1819 Irving was invited by the Thomas Chalmers to become his assistant at St John's Parish Church in Calton. He was responsible for visiting the poor and earned a reputation as a flamboyant preacher. In 1822 he became minister of the Caledonian Chapel in London, attracting huge congregations. He was forced to leave that church over charges of heresy and disapproval of his tolerance of speaking in tongues (he was subsequently deposed from the Church of Scotland ministry). He and his followers (sometimes known as Irvingites) formed the Catholic Apostolic Church, which has millions of members across the world.
Irving believed in divine healing and that sickness was caused by sin. Three of his four children died when very young, unattended by physicians. He died of consumption and is interred in the crypt of Glasgow Cathedral.
Reference: Mitchell Library, GC 920.041435 COR
Reproduced with the permission of Glasgow City Council, Libraries Information and Learning
Caledonian Chapel, Catholic Apostolic Church, Church of Scotland, crypts, Glasgow Cathedral, heresy, Irvingites, ministers, portraits, poverty, premillennialism, social reform, social reformers, speaking in tongues, St John's Parish Church